Choral Conducting Bibliography


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Adler, Samuel.  Choral Conducting: An Anthology, 2nd ed.  New York: Schirmer Books, 1985.

Banks, Timothy Paul.  Et la Gauche?: Toward a Methodology of Left Hand Use in Conducting. Lecture-Demonstration presented at the Alabama Music Educators Convention, January 2004. For abstract, outline, and resources, see

Brinson, Barbara A. and Steven Demorest. Choral Music Methods and Materials: Developing Successful Choral Programs (Grades 5 to 12). Cengage Learning, 2013.

Busch, Brian R.  The Complete Choral Conductor: Gesture and Method. New York: Schirmer Books, 1984.

Braithwaite, Warwick.  “Use of Left Hand and Arm,” in The Conductor’s Art.  London: Williams and Norgate, 1952.

Collins, Don L. Teaching Choral Music.  Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1993.

Dart, Thurston. The Interpretation of Music, 9th ed. Hutchinson, 1984.

Davidson, Archibald T.  Choral Conducting.  Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1948.

Decker, Harold and Colleen Kirk.  Choral Conducting: Focus on Communication. Prospect Heights: Waveland Press, 1995 (Reissue of original version, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1988).

Ehmann, Wilhelm, trans. George Wiebe.  “Conducting Patterns and Choral Gestures” in Choral Directing. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1968.

Farberman, Harold. The Art of Conducting Technique: A New Perspective.  [U.S.]: Belwin-Mills/Warner Bros., 1997.  Also Video supplement to the text (same publisher).

Finn, William J.  “Baton Technique,” in The Art of the Choral Conductor. Boston: Birchard, 1939.

Fuchs, Peter Paul. The Psychology of Conducting. New York: MCA Music, 1969.

Galknin, Elliott W. A History of Orchestral Conducting in Theory and Practice.  Stuyvesant, NY: Pendragon Press, 1986.

Garretson, Robert L.  “Conducting Techniques,” in Conducting Choral Music, 6th ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1988.

Garretson, Robert L.. Conducting Choral Music. Pearson, 1998.

Gehrkens, Karl W.  Essentials in Conducting.  New York: Oliver Ditson, 1919.

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Gordon, Lewis.  “Estabishing Rudiments of Conducting,” and “Developing Expressive Conducting Techniques,” in Choral Director’s Rehearsal and Performance Guide. West Nyack, NY: Parker Publishing, 1989.

Green, Elizabeth A. H. The Modern Conductor, 6th ed. Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 1997.

_____________ and Russell Reed. Malko Conducting Exercises (videotape accompanying The Modern Conductor 5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1992.

_____________. “Sight (The Eyes),” in The Dynamic Orchestra. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1987.

_____________.  “On Teaching Conducting,” in The Conductor’s Score (rev. ed. of The Conductor and His Score). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1985.

Green, Jonathan D. A Conductor’s Guide to Choral-Orchestral Works: Classical Period. Scarecrow Press, 2002.

Green, Jonathan D. A Conductor’s Guide to Choral-Orchestral Works: Twentieth Century, Part II: The Music of Rachmaninov through Penderecki. Scarecrow Press, 1998.

Grosbayne, Benjamin.  Techniques of Modern Orchestral Conducting, 2nd ed.  Cambridge: Harvard Univ. Press, 1973.

Hammar, Russell A. Pragmatic Choral Procedures. Scarecrow Press, 1995.

Holst, Imogen. Conducting a Choir. OUP, 1973.

Hunsberger, Donald and Roy Ernst. The Art of Conducting. New York: Knopf, 1883.

Hylton, John B.  “Developing Conducting Skill,” in Comprehensive Choral Music Education.  Upper Saddle River: Prentice-Hall, 1995.

Kahn, Emil.  Elements of Conducting, 2nd ed.  New York: Schirmer Books, 1975.

Kaplan, Abraham. Choral Conducting. W W Norton, 2000.

Keller, Hermann. Phrasing and Articulation. W. W. Norton, 1973.

Kelso, J. A. Scott, Dan L. Southard, and David Goodman. “On the nature of human interlimb coordination,” in Science.  Vol. 203 (1979), pp. 1029-1031.

Kohut, Daniel and Joe Grant. Learning to Conduct and Rehearse. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1990.

Labuta, Joseph. Basic Conducting Techniques. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1982.

Lamb, Gordon. “Conducting Techniques,” in Choral Techniques, 2nd ed. Dubuque: Wm. C. Brown, 1979.

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Lawrence, Douglas, and Vernon Sanders.  A Conductor’s Handbook, Volume 2: A Basic Conductor’s Alphabet.  San Carlos, CA: Thomas House Publications, 1996.

Leinsdorf, Erich. The Composer’s Advocate. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 1981.

Marrin, Teresa Anne.  Toward an Understanding of Musical Gesture: Mapping Expressive Intention with the Digital Baton.  M.S. Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996.

Maiello, Anthony. Conducting: A Hands-On Approach, 2nd ed. [U.S.]: Belwin Mills (Warner Bros), 1996.  Also Video presentation of introductory remarks and examples (same publisher).

Malko, Nicolai. The Conductor and His Baton: Fundamentals of the Technic of Conducting. Copenhagen: Hansen, 1950.

McElheran, Brock. Conducting technique: for beginners and professionals, 3rd ed. N.Y.: OUP, 2005

Meek, Charles J. “The Left Hand,” in Conducting Made Easy: for Directors of Amateur Musical Organizations. Metuchen: Scarecrow Press, 1988.

Moe, Daniel. Problems in Conducting (revised edition). Augsburg Fortress Publishers, 1986.

Moses, Don V., Robert W. Demaree, and Allen F. Ohmes.  Face to Face With An Orchestra.  Princeton: Prestige Publications, 1987.

Musselman, Joseph A.. Dear People…Robert Shaw. Hinshaw Music, 1996.

Nakra, Teresa Marrin.  Inside the Conductors Jacket: Analysis, Interpretation and Musical Synthesis of Expressive Gesture.  Ph.D. Dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2000.

Neuen, Donald.  Artistic Musical Conducting, Vols. I and II. [CD-rom video]  Fayston: Choral Excellence Series, c2002.

Oldfield, R. C.  “Handedness in musicians,” in British Journal of Psychology. 1969, Vol. 60(1), pp. 91-99.

Phillips, Kenneth H.  Basic Techniques of Conducting. New York / Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

_____________. Directing the Choral Music Program, 2nd ed. N.Y.: OUP, 2015.

Pfautsch, Lloyd. “The Choral Conductor and the Rehearsal.”  In Choral Conducting Symposium, 2nd ed., ed. Harold Decker and Julius Herford, 69-111. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1988.

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Potter, John. Ed. The Cambridge Companion to Singing. Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Prausnitz, Frederick. Score and Podium. New York: Norton, 1983.

Robinson, Ray. Choral Ornamentation. Hinshaw Music, 1977.

Roe, Paul F. “Conducting,” in Choral Music Education, 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1983.

Rudolf, Max. The Grammar of Conducting: A Comprehensive Guide to Baton Technique and Interpretation, 3rd ed.  [prepared with assistance from Michael Stern]  Belmont, CA: Schirmer / Thomson / Wadworth, 1995.

Sanders, Vernon. A Conductor’s Handbook, [Volume 1:] An Exercise Manual for Individual or Ensemble Practice. [Vol. 1] San Carlos, CA: Thomas House Publications, 1993.  [See Lawrence above for Vol. 2]

Schuller, Gunther. The Compleat Conductor. Oxford/New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1997.

Shepherd, William. A Conducting Workbook with CD-ROM Video. Belmont, CA: Schirmer/Wadsworth/Thomson, 2002.

Skadsem, Julie Ann. The Effect of Conductor Verbilization, Dynamic Markings, Conductor Gesture, and Choir Dynamic Level on Individual Singers’ Dynamic Responses. PhD. Dissertation, Univ. of Missouri-Kansas City, 1995.

Stanton, Royal. The Dynamic Choral Conductor. Shawnee Press, 1971.

Thurmond, James Morgan. Note Grouping: a method for achieving expression and style in musical performance. JMT Publications, 1982.

Ulrich, Homer. A Survey of Choral Music. Cengage Learning, 1973.

VanWeelden, Kimberly. “Relationships between perceptions of conducting effectiveness and ensemble performance,” in Journal of Research in Music Education. 2002 Summer; Vol. 50 (2), pp. 165-176.

Webb, Guy B. Up Front! EC Schirmer Music Company, 1994.

Wiens, Paul W. Expressive Conducting. Wheaton, IL: Paul W. Wiens, 2002. Also, accompanying CD-roms for interaction with website at .

Willetts, Sandra.  Upbeat Downbeat: Basic Conducting Patterns and Techniques. Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1993.

Wood, Henry. About Conducting. London, 1945; St. Clair Shores, Mich.: Scholarly Press, 1972.